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講演会のお知らせ: Emer O’Dwyer教授 (Oberlin College)

BLOG_O'Dwyer talk_flyer10月23日(木)午後12時から、メリーランド大学のFransis Scott Key Building(2120)にて、昨年度の20世紀ジャパン・リサーチ・アワードの受賞者であるDr. Emer O’Dwyer (Oberlin College)による講演会を開催いたします。講演会のタイトルは“Exposed!: “Disclosure Magazines” in Post-Surrender Japan” です。

この講演会はメリーランド大学図書館と Nathan and Jeanette Miller Center for Historical Studies の共催です。講演会は無料で、当大学の学生や職員、そして一般の方々に公開されています。出席を予定されている方は、 millercenter@umd.eduまでその旨をお知らせください。

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検閲処分を受けた児童書43冊は、Prange Digital Children’s Book Collection にて公開しています。(数は2014年10月現在)著作権保護の為、メリーランド大学カレッジパーク校キャンパス以外では、書誌情報と表紙のサムネイルのみの公開となっております。キャンパス内では全デジタル画像がご覧頂けます。検閲処分を受けた児童書に限定して検索するにはAdvanced Search の「検閲処分」欄にて「有」を選択してください。また児童書は国会図書館デジタルコレクションからも検索でき、デジタル画像は国会図書館館内で利用に供されています。

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The Nathan and Jeanette Miller Center for Historical Studies and the University of Maryland Libraries invite applications for two $1,500 grants to support research in the library’s Gordon W. Prange Collection and East Asia Collection on topics related to the period of the Allied Occupation of Japan and its aftermath, 1945-1960.  Holders of the Ph.D. or an equivalent degree are eligible to apply, as are graduate students who have completed all requirements for the doctorate except the dissertation. The competition is open to scholars in all parts of the world and from any discipline, but historical topics are preferred. University of Maryland faculty, staff, and students may not apply.

The application deadline is November 21, 2014.  The grant must be used by October 30, 2015.

For more information about the Award, please see this page.

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National Comic Book Day!

Comics9月25日は「National Comic Book Day」ということで、今日はプランゲ文庫が所蔵する漫画本の紹介です。当文庫が所蔵する約2,000冊の漫画本は全てデジタル化されており、プランゲ文庫デジタル児童書コレクションにて閲覧できます。(全文閲覧は当メリーランド大学カレッジ・パーク・キャンパス及び国会図書館館内限定)





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出版物紹介: 検閲・メディア·文学 : 江戶から戦後まで

BLOG_Censorship, Media and Literary Culture in Japan「検閱・メディア·文学 : 江戶から戦後まで」  (鈴木登美 … [et al.] 編. 2012. 東京, 新曜社.)




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当メリーランド大学大学院修士課程、音楽民族学(Ethnomusicology)専攻のNathanial L. Gailey-Schiltzさんが、修士論文のテーマにプランゲ文庫所蔵の音楽関係図書を選択されました。当大学の Digital Repository at the University of Maryland (DRUM)にて、受理された修士論文の全テキストが閲覧できます。下記はGeiley-Schiltzさんからの寄稿です。

“One part of the Gordon W. Prange Collection that might be easy to overlook is its extensive musical material holdings.  There are close to 15,000 individual items categorized by Prange Collection staff as either music literature or various collections of sheet music or music instructional materials.  It is this collection that I, a graduate student in the University of Maryland’s Ethnomusicology program, decided to explore for my Master’s degree research.  The process has been a challenging and fulfilling one, and has given me a chance to not only embark on some truly unique research, but also to reach outside of the School of Music and make ties with colleagues across campus.

The music materials in the Prange Collection encompass a wide range of subjects and styles.  As a player of the koto (琴, a 13-stringed zither) as part of the University of Maryland’s Koto Ensemble, I was first introduced to the collection’s numerous kotoscores.  There are over seventy pieces of koto music by composers such as Miyagi Michio (宮城 道雄), who in the early twentieth century revolutionized koto tradition through innovations in instrument construction and song style.  Apart from notation for the koto, there are pieces for the shakuhachi (尺八, a bamboo flute), scores for nagauta(長唄, the music of kabuki theatre), and folk songs.


MT-2682 “歌の花束”

For my own research, however, I decided to focus on the less traditional materials in the collection.  By the time of the Occupation, Western-style music had been present in Japan in one form or another for the better part of a century.  Starting with military marching band music, European and American music styles like classical art music, Tin Pan Alley, and swing all found play in Japan and influenced Japanese music-makers.

A style of music called ryūkōka (流行歌), later known as kayōkyoku (歌謡曲), and a precursor to today’s karaoke favorite, enka (演歌), formed from around the 1920s.  Its production and popularity were intricately bound up with the emergence of a number of related phenomena that occurred during the same time period: consumer culture, an empowered middle class, the recording industry, and the commodification of music.  It would go on to be bound up with the film industry, so that through the 1930s and ’40s movies, title themes songs, and recordings of those songs became big business.


流行歌の例: MT-2820 “愛唱する流行歌「歌の花籠」”

There was also a market for sheet music to hit songs, so that consumers could learn their favorite songs and emulate the talents of their favorite film stars.  A collection of publishing houses devoted to music publishing cropped up to cater to that market.  Two main broad categories of publications of ryūkōka were popular by the Occupation era: small (what I call “pocket”) collections of lyrics to hit songs, which may or may not have any music notation; and sheet music for individual songs.  Music notation is predominantly in typical staff notation for voice and piano, reflecting that by that point in history, the piano had become the ubiquitous household musical instrument—just like in Europe and the U.S.—supplanting instruments like the koto.

Example of music note that received a censorship action.  Prange Call Number: MT-2734 "Kayo Gakufu"

検閲処分を受けた楽譜の例: MT-2734 “歌謡楽譜”

The ryūkōka in the Prange Collection reflect Occupation censorship and the negotiation of power between publishers and censors just as newspapers and magazines do.  For example, censors disapproved of published songs that were overly fervent in nationalist sentiment, had a sense of militarism, or espoused Japan’s presence in other nations in Southeast Asia and the South Seas.  The majority of items in the collection did not have actions taken, but still provide a valuable window into the popular discourse of the time.  Popular subjects ranged from melancholy topics (like rain, tears, and departing home) to romance (like love, roses, and “the girl from ___” formula) and the lighthearted (like boogie-woogie, shopping, and the big city).

Again, this is all just in one part of the Prange Collection’s music section.  There is much left to be explored!”


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